Regulation and deregulation described, explained and analysed.
Regulation protects the weak and vulnerable. Regulation protects the environment. But regulation costs time and money. And it makes illegal that which would otherwise be legal. Regulation is therefore always controversial, and it can be very complex.
The menu below should help you quickly find the information and analysis that you need. There is also a comprehensive online library and this online search facility:
Understanding Regulation's author was formerly Chief Executive of the UK's Better Regulation Executive and then the Competition Commission.
Key & Current Issues
Newcomers to regulation might like to begin by reading the four items of Important Background immediately below. The middle box provides links to discussions of several lively and/or important current issues. Less lively but still important constitutional and governance issues are listed in the right hand box.
Scroll further down this page to access information about deregulation, (over-?) protecting against risks to health and safety, and competition policy. There then follows information about the regulation of a large range of individual regulated sectors including a particularly large section on energy price controls and related issues.
Controversial Regulatory Issues
Regulatory Organisation & Governance
Getting The Balance Right - Better Regulation & Deregulation
Ministers have in recent years found that regulation is generally more politically attractive than the alternatives - such as tax and spend. This has led to constant complaints about the burden and intrusiveness of regulation. Ministers have responded by launching frequent deregulation initiatives, including the introduction of regulatory budgets. Have they worked?
The regulation of risks to health and safety is a particularly tricky policy area. There are constant complaints that we are paying far too much attention to health and safety, and producing dull young adults who are risk- and exercise-averse. However ... we have cut child deaths as a result of preventable accidents from 1,100 in 1979 to less than 200 in 2011. There aren't many parents who would turn back this particular clock. On the other hand - the UK invests heavily in automatic train protection (ATP) where every £5 million saves one life - but it could save 50 lives on the roads. How can this make sense?
Follow the links below to read detailed analyses of, and comment on, these interesting questions.
Competition Policy & Utility Regulation
Competition, like fire, is a great servant and a terrible master. This section describes the UK competition regime, and discusses what works well, and what doesn't. (A separate section, below, focuses on specific sectors and industries.)